Athlete information 

Athletes rights and responsibilities under the Code

The Athlete Anti-Doping Rights Act protects an athlete’s right to participate in clean sport, promoting health, fairness and equal opportunity for all athletes worldwide. The Act includes rights:
• during testing missions  
• to a fair, independent, timely hearing
• to medical treatment
• to report concerns without the threat of retribution or retaliation
• to education
• to data protection
• to compensation
• to B Sample analysis.

Read the full Act on the WADA website.

Strict liability  

The principle of strict liability means that an athlete is solely responsible for any prohibited substance found in their body, regardless of how it got there or whether the athlete intended to take it. This means that even if an athlete unknowingly takes a banned substance through a contaminated supplement or food, they can still be held liable for a doping violation.

Consequences of doping

Doping in sport can have wide-ranging consequences. As well as risking a sanction including a ban from sport, athletes can experience negative effects such as:
• Harm to physical health as a result of taking banned substances;
• Financial difficulties such as the loss of sponsorships and financial support;
• Reputational damage that can adversely affect the athlete’s career;
• Damaged relationships with family, friends and fans;
• Personal struggles resulting from stress, guilt, shame, depression or a loss of respect of others.

Substances and methods on the Prohibited List

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List is a list of substances and methods that are banned in sport. The list is updated annually and applies to all sports and all levels of competition. It includes anabolic agents, peptide hormones, growth factors, beta-2 agonists, hormone and metabolic modulators, diuretics and masking agents, and prohibited classes of substances such as cannabinoids, and glucocorticoids.

Banned substances: This category includes anabolic agents, peptide hormones, growth factors, beta-2 agonists, hormone and metabolic modulators, diuretics and masking agents, and prohibited classes of substances such as cannabinoids, and glucocorticoids.

Banned methods: This category includes blood doping (the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents or blood manipulation), chemical and physical manipulation, and gene doping.

Read the Prohibited List in full on the WADA website

Risks of supplement use

The use of dietary supplements is a risk for athletes as they may contain prohibited substances. Supplements can be subject to accidental cross-contamination, or substances can be added intentionally during the manufacturing process. Poor labelling means that even checking the label for prohibited substances isn’t enough to keep athletes safe: a supplement may be contaminated even if no prohibited substance is on the label. Athletes are responsible for anything found in their sample. A food-first approach to nutrition is the safest option.

Testing procedures

Any athlete can be tested at any time. We understand that going through the sample collection process (also known as 'doping control') can be unnerving, especially if it's your first time. This page explains the process to help you prepare and feel more comfortable when it's your turn.


If you’re selected by doping control:
• Ask to see the official’s identification and authorisation.
• Listen to them as they explain your rights and responsibilities.
• Follow the official’s instructions and remain in their sight at all times.
• Report to the doping control station with valid ID.
• Comply with the sample collection process.
• Ask questions at any time.

Providing a sample

Urine sample
• Select a sample collection kit.
• Provide a urine sample in the presence of a chaperone.
• Select a sample kit.
• Seal your urine sample in the A and B bottles.

Blood sample
• Select a sample collection kit
• Rest for the requested time.
• Allow a blood collection officer to withdraw your blood
• Seal the sample.

Sign off your sample
• Review paperwork and sign

Sample analysis

• Sample is analysed at a WADA accredited or approved laboratory.
• If sample is negative, you will hear nothing,
• If sample is positive, you will be informed, asked for an explanation. You may request that your ‘B’ sample is analysed.
• If the sample is positive, there is no TUE and the B Sample confirms the A sample, anti-doping rule violation proceedings will be brought against you. 

Registered Testing Pool requirements (incl. Whereabouts and ADAMs)

The Athlete Whereabouts Programme protects every athlete’s right to clean sport through out-of-competition testing that can take place without notice at any time. It’s a powerful way of deterring and detecting doping in sport.

File your Whereabouts
You must file your Whereabouts before the start of each quarter:
• First quarter: 1 January – 31 March
• Second quarter: 1 April – 30 June
• Third quarter: 1 July – 30 September
• Fourth quarter: 1 October – 31 December

How to update your Whereabouts
Update your Whereabouts information online via the Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS). Once you're logged in and have submitted your Whereabouts online, you can download theAthlete Central app and make changes to your Whereabouts on-the-go.

Update your Whereabouts on ADAMS
Download the Athlete Central app from AppleStore and GooglePlay

60-minute window
Registered testing pool (RTP) athletes   specify a 60-minute window between 5am and 11pm each day, in which you will be available for testing at a specified location. Select a timeslot that best fits your schedule and ensure you are accessible for the entire 60-minute window each day. 

Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE)  

There is a process that allows you to take a medication containing a banned substance if you need to for medical reasons. It's called a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE). You may need to apply for a TUE if you get sick or injured and require medication, or if you have an ongoing medical condition that requires treatment, such as diabetes or asthma.

Getting a TUE may protect athletes from receiving a sanction if a prohibited substance is found in their sample. An exemption is only granted if the athlete will gain no unfair advantage by using the banned substance or method. It’s also important that the athlete’s wellbeing is not put at further risk by using the medication.

Some athletes must apply for their TUE in advance, before they begin using any prohibited medications or methods. Other athletes can apply retroactively. To confirm when you need to apply, refer to the WADA Website or
Phone us:+679 7376319
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As an athlete, you train hard. Sometimes you may get injured or sick, or you may need to take regular medication for an ongoing condition such as asthma or diabetes. Whatever the situation, it's important to be aware of what you're taking. You’re 100% responsible for everything you put into your body. Even common medications may contain banned substances. Check every medication on GlobalDRO before you use it.  

Make sure your medical professional knows that you’re an athlete who could be drug tested. Ask for alternatives if a medication you’re prescribed is prohibited. If something you need is prohibited in sport, look into Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs). Your health comes first. In an emergency, always get the treatment you need.

Therapeutic Use Exemption Form

If in doubt, speak to Doping Control Programme Manager, Quintyn Stephen
Phone us:+679 7376319 | +679 7376319 | +679 9981163
Email us:


Download the TUE Form

Speaking up

Speaking up is a safe way for anyone involved in sport to share doping concerns in confidence.
If you see, hear about or suspect doping, contact us in confidence to share your concerns. Speaking up protects your sport for all athletes who train hard and fair. You don’t need the full story. If you think it’s suspicious, we’d like to hear about it. Even if it seems minor, please get in touch. We use every bit of information we receive. It doesn't matter when, who or where. You can report something from the past, something happening now, or something someone intends to do in the future. It can be about athletes, coaches, team doctors, physios or, in some cases, parents of athletes. It can be something happening at home or overseas.
Phone us:+679 7376319
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Annual doping control statistics

Coming soon.


ORADO Doping Control Programme Manager Contact Details

ORADO NADO Relations & Services Manager Contact Details

We welcome your views about our website and our Athlete Privacy Policy. If you would like to contact us with any queries or comments, please send an email to the ORADO Doping Control Programme Manager.